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Thread: Peugeot 104 1972–1988

  1. #1
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    Peugeot 104 1972–1988

    The Peugeot 104 is a supermini motor car designed by Paolo Martin and produced by the French car manufacturer Peugeot between 1972 and 1988. It was the first model produced at the company's Mulhouse plant. It was also the first new Peugeot introduced since 1955 not to be available with a diesel option.

    Saloon launch 1972

    On its launch in 1972, the Peugeot 104 was offered as a four-door saloon, with a sloping rear end that suggested a hatchback. Power was provided from a 954 cc Douvrin engine called the PSA X engine, an all-aluminium alloy, chain driven overhead cam, with gearbox in the sump, sharing engine oil, which was jointly developed with Renault. This transmission-in-sump arrangement was similar to that pioneered by the British Motor Corporation in the Mini. It gave good levels of economy and refinement as well as having an impressive chassis which made ride and handling excellent. The engine was mounted leaning backwards, at a 72 degree angle.

    Coupé launch 1974

    A three-door coupé was launched on a shortened chassis, with the same 954 cc engine as the saloon. Headlights were larger and rectangular in shape, rather than square. Originally sold as the "104 Coupé", shorter wheelbase models later received names beginning with a "Z" (e.g. ZL, ZA, ZS2). Equipment levels which begin with a "G" or an "S" were used for the longer four/five-door variants.

    1976 facelift

    A facelift in July 1976 saw the four-door saloon replaced with a five-door hatchback. Peugeot had been afraid that a five-door 104 would steal sales from the old-fashioned 204 Break, but with production of the 204 coming to an end in July 1976 this was no longer a concern. Rear light clusters were modified slightly with indicators that wrapped around to the sides of the car, and a 1.1 L engine was also made available. The coupé was made available in two versions, the ZL and also the more powerful ZS with 66 PS. A modified camshaft on the 954 cc engines also retarded the valve timing in order to favour fuel economy at the price of a slight power reduction. The revised models only appeared in right-hand drive form at the end of the year. 1977 proved to be the most successdul year for the 104, with 190,000 being built.

    1978 facelift

    The coupé gained a third (cheaper) commercial variant with only two seats, the ZA, and all coupé variants were given larger rear light clusters with integral reversing lights. Higher specification five-door models gained the larger headlights and grille introduced for the coupé. The more powerful engine from the ZS was briefly available in the five-door hatchback, in a special edition called "Sundgau" which was built in 1,200 examples in March and April 1978. For 1979 the ZL Coupé was upgraded to a 57 PS (42 kW) version of the 1,124 cc engine.

    1980 facelift

    The 1980 facelift was minor, with model designations changing in line with other vehicles in the Peugeot line-up. However, a 1.2 L engine was now also offered (in the SR), with the same power as the lesser 1.1.

    1982 facelift

    This facelift incorporated smaller headlights, a new grille and rear light clusters that included reversing lights. The amount of chrome trim was reduced and generally replaced by black plastic. At the end of summer, the ZS coupé variant was given an 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) 1,360 cc engine to improve its performance. The existing 72 PS version remained on sale at a lower price until the 1984 model year was introduced. The power gain was achieved by using two carburetors rather than one double-barrel unit.

    1983 on

    In 1983, the number of models offered was reduced to make way for the new 205 and exports to most foreign markets gradually came to an end. It remained on sale in France until the end of production in 1988. The sporting ZS remained on sale until late 1985; for the 1986 model year only the 50 PS (37 kW) 1,124 cc engine remained. There was a minor facelift in 1987, introducing a new grille with three body-coloured horizontal bars and anthracite bumpers - now without a chrome band. The Z, Style Z, and five-door GLS continued to be available with this engine in the home market until 1988.

    ZS 2

    A limited run of 1,000 sporting ZS 2s were built in 1979. They were powered by a 93 PS (68 kW) 1,360 cc four-cylinder
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    Last edited by Duell; 04-22-2013 at 01:03 PM.

  2. #2
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    A Dutch 104 brochure
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    Last edited by Duell; 04-22-2013 at 01:01 PM.

  3. #3
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    Peugeot 104
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  4. #4
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    Damn that's ugly. Decent little interior for its day though.
    An it harm none, do as ye will

    Approximately 79% of statistics are made up.

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