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    Feb 2005

    Cadillac Brougham 1986-1992

    Although the vehicle was identical to the 1986 model, the former Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham - the last remaining rear-wheel drive Cadillac - was renamed in 1987 to "Brougham". The Cadillac Fleetwood had been introduced as a new, smaller breed of front-drive Cadillac in 1985, and the confusion over the Fleetwood name being applied to two very different vehicles prompted the name change for 1987. As it had been since the late Seventies, the optional "d'Elegance" package offered even more luxurious appointments, including button-tufted seating and rear-seat reading lamps.

    The rear-wheel drive Cadillac Brougham, in addition to rival Lincoln's similar Town Car, was popular among coachbuilders who manufactured stretched limousines on the Brougham's architecture.

    Construction of the Cadillac Brougham was performed at the Clark Street Assembly Plant in Detroit, Michigan from 1985 until 1987; some early model year 1988 Broughams were produced there in late 1987. Beginning in 1988 and continuing through 1992, Broughams were produced at Arlington Assembly in Arlington, Texas. The 11th digit of the VIN indicates plant assembly. A "9" as the 11th digit indicates a Detroit Brougham; a "Y" indicates an Arlington Brougham.

    VIN "9" Broughams actually produced in 1988, although rare, can be found as "commercial chassis" vehicles, and generally have a higher output Oldsmobile 307 LG8 Engine and different transmissions, depending on the use. Generally speaking, minor differences between 1987 and 1988 (VIN 9 and Y) can be found, such as carburetor assembly. While these cars all used Rochester Quadrajet Electronic 4-Barrel Carburetors, differences include an electronic (Detroit) versus vacuum (Arlington) Idle Load Compensator, as well as an electronic (Detroit) versus climactic (Arlington) choke system.

    The Brougham wore a cross-hatch grille in 1987 and 1988 which was an identical re-cast of the 1981 grille. The Brougham received a new vertical-slat grille for 1989, which was similar to the 1980 grille. The 1980 grille had 5 horizontal sections, the 1989-1992 had 3 horizontal sections. A 1990 freshening (the first one since 1980), was necessitated by a re-bodied Town Car from rival Lincoln. For 1990, Brougham received a new digital dash cluster inside, and composite headlamps, contemporary taillamps, flush bumper moldings, and an optional Chevrolet 350 V8. Door-mounted automatic front seatbelts became standard, as no driver's side airbag was available.

    For 1991, the L02 V8 was replaced by a Chevrolet FI V8 that produced 170 hp (127 kW; 172 PS), while the Chevrolet 350 produced 185 hp (138 kW; 188 PS). The 1992 models received no major changes, as it was its final year.

    The last one rolled off the assembly line on June 5, 1992. Brougham used the 121.5-inch (3,086 mm) wheelbase D-body platform, which was used in the pre-1987 model. The Fleetwood name returned to the RWD model with a major redesign for 1993, and Brougham again was an option package, as it had been in 1965.

    "Premiere Roof" option

    Owing to the Brougham's heritage (Fleetwood Brougham), a vinyl roof covering was considered a sign of a formal and luxurious automobile. In 1988, the "Premiere Roof" option was available giving the standard Brougham a very formal look. Though costly at US$895, it altered the overall appearance greatly. It included a vinyl covering of not only the entire roof of the car but also the "B-pillar" and the rear quarter window surround. This option was availalble in 1988 and 1989 until Brougham's 1990 restyling wherein a slight variation of it became the standard roof treatment.

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