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Thread: Ferrari (F1-1989) 640

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Apr 2004

    Ferrari (F1-1989) 640

    Ferrari F1-89 or Ferrari 640 F1

    1989 Ferrari 640 F1 - Images, Specifications and Information

    RM Auction Monaco
    10 May 2014
    1989 Ferrari F1-89 Formula One
    Sold for €616.000

    Chassis no. 110

    600 hp, 3,497 cc DOHC V-12 fuel injection, seven-speed semi-automatic gearbox, independent front and rear suspension with double wishbones and push rods, and four-wheel carbon-fibre disc brakes. Wheelbase: 2,829 mm

    • John Barnard’s first F1 design for Ferrari
    • The first seven-speed semi-automatic F1 gearbox with paddle shifters
    • Raced in period by Gerhard Berger
    • The first Ferrari driven by Alain Prost after leaving McLaren
    • Fully restored by Ferrari F1 Clienti and tested at Mugello; Classiche certified

    British designer John Barnard was given virtual carte blanche to restore Ferrari’s Formula One fortunes to the top rank when he agreed, in 1987, to an enormous salary and the opportunity to establish a new Ferrari Technical Centre in England.

    Ferrari had not won a Formula One race since the German Grand Prix in 1985, after breaking Renault’s grip on turbo-F1 racing with consecutive World Championships for constructors in 1982 and 1983 with a 1.5-litre V-6 engine. Nonetheless, the selection of an Englishman to head Ferrari’s F1 technical development was controversial all around.

    Amongst Barnard’s previous accomplishments was the Chaparral 2K Indy Car designed for Jim Hall; this was the car that won the 1980 Indianapolis 500 whilst being driven by Johnny Rutherford. This success quickly brought Barnard to the new McLaren team, where he worked on the McLaren MP4/1, the first carbon-fibre composite (FCC) chassis in Formula One.

    During Barnard’s tenure, McLaren became the dominant force in Formula One, with Niki Lauda and Alain Prost winning the Drivers’ Championship in 1984, 1985, and 1986. McLaren also won the Constructors’ Championship in 1984 and 1985, narrowly losing a third consecutive championship to Williams in 1986.

    Ferrari’s F1 design for 1987 and 1988 had already been set down by the time Barnard joined Ferrari, so he began work on an all-new car, the F1-89, which would be Ferrari’s first entry for the new non-turbo rules beginning in 1989.

    Barnard’s decision to base his technical centre in England was not popular with the F1 team located in Italy. Barnard also introduced his own methods into Ferrari, which have been described as “a maniacal analysis of every single detail” of previous practice.

    One Ferrari innovation that Barnard did bring forward with the new car was the revolutionary seven-speed semi-automatic gearbox that was operated by paddles located on the steering wheel. This design was originally created at Ferrari in 1979 by Mauro Forghieri, but development stalled because the advanced electronics needed to perfect the system were not yet available.

    According to journalist Quentin Spurring, who followed F1 closely in the era, Barnard’s F1/89 was equipped with a range of technical innovations, with the most significant of which being the gearshift that was described as an “electro-hydraulic” mechanism. The paddles are electronically controlled by hydraulic actuators in the semi-automatic gearbox with solenoids.

    Drivers used the clutch pedal only to start. Ratios in the seven-speed gearbox were shifted throughout the race by squeezing paddles on the back of the steering wheel, with the right paddle for upshifts and the left for downshifts. This innovation became universal throughout Formula One racing within five years, and today, it is common on high-performance road cars.

    The Ferrari engine for the new 3.5-litre naturally aspirated formula was a lightweight 65-degree V-12 designed by Claudio Lombardi. The engine utilised five valves per cylinder (three intake) and two overhead camshafts per cylinder bank, which were driven off the front of the engine. Fuel was delivered through Weber-Marelli digital electronic injection, and the ignition was a Magneti Marelli electronic one with one plug per cylinder. Maximum power was rated at 600 horsepower at 12,500 rpm.

    The engine and semi-automatic gearbox were mounted in a single-piece monocoque made of carbon fibre and Kevlar honeycomb, with detachable composite bodywork. The front suspension was by double-elliptic section wishbones and push rods. Similarly, the rear suspension was also by double wishbones and push rods. Steering was by rack and pinion, and the brakes utilised ventilated carbon-fibre discs and one-piece Brembo callipers on all four wheels.

    The Ferrari F1/89 was rated highly as the 1989 F1 season began. Ferrari had extensively tested two V-12 non-turbo cars throughout the second half of 1988 and hoped to take the fight to McLaren and Honda from the first race of 1989.

    Ferrari’s Gerhard Berger had been the only driver to take a race from McLaren-Honda in the remarkable 1988 season, which saw McLaren win 15 of 16 F1 races with drivers Ayrton Senna (8) and Alain Prost (7). Berger’s teammate at Ferrari for 1989 was future world champion Nigel Mansel.

    Both Berger and Mansell took to the F1/89 immediately. Incredibly, Mansell won in his first start for Ferrari and the first race of the season in Brazil, endearing himself to Ferrari fans. Ferrari, however, found almost as quickly that 600 horsepower was not enough to challenge the new McLaren-Honda V-10 on a regular basis, and they found themselves chasing power throughout the year.

    The complexity of the new F1/89, and particularly the semi-automatic gearbox, also led to a disappointing string of retirements throughout the season. Mansell did manage to score a 2nd in France and Britain and 3rd in Germany and Belgium, with Berger taking a long-awaited victory in Portugal, together with a 2nd in Italy and Spain. McLaren won 10 of 16 races in 1989, including the Drivers’ and Constructors’ Championships. Ferrari was the best of the rest.

    This 1989 Ferrari F1/89 Formula One car is chassis 110, and it was driven during the 1989 F1 season by Gerhard Berger in the Mexican, U.S., Canadian, French, British, and German Prand Prix. Berger started 4th on the grid at Canada, Great Britain, and Germany, but his races were plagued with the same reliability issues that affected the F1/89 throughout the season.

    Alain Prost won his third World Drivers’ Championship with McLaren in 1989 and then promptly departed to Ferrari, where he was reunited with John Barnard. This F1/89, chassis 110, was the first Ferrari F1 car tested by Prost upon his arrival at Ferrari.

    As presented, this F1/89 is an important piece of Ferrari history and Formula One technical evolution history. It represents the golden era of Formula One, the Prost-Senna contest, the naturally aspirated big capacity V-12 engines, and the sexy “Coca Cola bottle” design. It has recently been fully sorted by Ferrari F1 Clienti and has been shaken down for 150 kilometres at Mugello. It has been Ferrari Classiche certified and is ready for the right new owner and driver to return it to all F1 Historic races.
    Attached Images Attached Images

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Apr 2004
    1989 Ferrari 640 □
    The Nigel Mansell Collection
    Monaco | Monte Carlo, Monaco

    Chassis No. 109

    • Driven by Nigel Mansell for Scuderia Ferrari in the 1989 Formula 1 season
    • Raced to victory by Mansell at the Brazilian and Hungarian Grands Prix
    • The first Ferrari F1 car to be equipped with a semi-automatic gearbox
    • The Ferrari 640 earned the Italian race team 3rd in the 1989 World Constructors’ Championship
    • Owned by Mansell and retained in his personal car collection since 1989, having allegedly not run since its last Grand Prix outing

    Since being presented to Mansell in 1990, this Ferrari 640 has been kept in the driver’s personal car collection, having allegedly not run since its last outing in the 1989 season. The Ferrari will need mechanical inspection and recommissioning prior to returning to the race track. Rarely does such an opportunity come up to own part of Ferrari and Formula 1 history, making this an enticing and lucrative opportunity for any motorsport collector.

    Race Date Entrant Position
    Brazilian Grand Prix 26-Mar-89 N. Mansell 1st
    San Marino Grand Prix 23-Apr-89 N. Mansell Ret
    Monaco Grand Prix 07-May-89 N. Mansell Ret
    Mexican Grand Prix 28-May-89 N. Mansell Ret
    U.S. Grand Prix 04-Jun-89 N. Mansell Ret
    Canadian Grand Prix 18-Jun-89 N. Mansell DSQ
    French Grand Prix 09-Jul-89 N. Mansell 2nd
    British Grand Prix 16-Jul-89 N. Mansell 2nd
    German Grand Prix 30-Jul-89 N. Mansell 3rd
    Hungarian Grand Prix 13-Aug-89 N. Mansell 1st
    Portuguese Grand Prix 24-Sept-89 N. Mansell Ret
    Attached Images Attached Images

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Apr 2004
    Ferrari 640 #109
    Attached Images Attached Images

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