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Thread: Toyota Celica (3rd gen) A60 1981-1985

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    Toyota Celica (3rd gen) A60 1981-1985

    The Toyota Celica (Japanese: トヨタ セリカ) /ˈsɛlɪkə/ or /sɛˈliːkə/ is an automobile produced by Toyota from 1970 to 2006. The Celica name derives from the Latin word coelica meaning "heavenly" or "celestial". In Japan, the Celica was exclusive to the Toyota Corolla Store dealer chain.

    Produced across seven generations, the Celica was powered by various four-cylinder engines, and bodystyles included convertibles and liftback or notchback coupés. The first three generations of North American market Celicas were powered by variants of Toyota's R series engine. In August 1985, the car's drive layout was changed from rear-wheel drive to front-wheel drive, and all-wheel drive turbocharged models were offered from 1986 to 1999. Variable valve timing came in certain Japanese models starting from December 1997 and became standard in all models from the 2000 model year. Celica variants were spun off as separate models, notably the Celica Supra (later Toyota Supra).

    Celica: The name is derived from the Spanish word for "heavenly" or "celestial". A stylised dragon forms the Celica symbol. Kiichiro Toyoda was supposed to be a big fan of dragon boat racing. Celica is also a North European name meaning heavenly (celestrial).

    Third generation (A60; 1981–1985)
    August 1981 saw the introduction of the third-generation Celica. The car was initially available in notchback coupe and liftback forms with many buyers preferring the liftback. The US-made convertible came in 1984. Styling was changed considerably from previous models and power was provided by a 2.4 L 22R or 22R-E engine in all North American models, while smaller engines were used in other countries. The 2.4 L became the biggest 4-cylinder engine offered in any Celica ever. Other engines were the 1.6-liter 4A, 1.6-liter 2T, 1.8-liter 3T, 1.8-liter 4T, 1.8-liter 1S, 2.0-liter 2S, 2.0-liter 18R-G and 2.0-liter 21R, depending on the particular market. Trim levels for the Japanese market were SV, ST, ST-EFI, SX, GT, and GT Rally. Rack and pinion steering was offered for this generation Celica.
    Fuel injection became standard on all North American Celicas started from August 1982, therefore the 22R engine became 22R-E (or 22R-EC with California emissions equipment). In August 1982, Toyota added the GT-S model to the North American market to re-inject the sports image that Celica had lost as it grew larger and heavier with each subsequent model. The GT-S included larger 14x7" wheels and 225/60HR14 tires, fender flares, independent rear suspension, a sports interior including special seats, and a leather-wrapped steering wheel and shifter knob. Most of these came from the Supra. This made sense as the Supra was based on the Celica. From the windshield back, both cars were nearly identical when in liftback form. There were also optional rear louvers for the coupe and liftback.

    The Celica was facelifted in August 1983 for the 1984 model year. The revision included fully retractable headlights, restyled grille, and airdam. The rear combination lamps were also revised. The Japanese Celica 1600 GT got new 4A-GE engine, and the 1600 GT-R also powered by the same motor was introduced. Another new model was the turbocharged 1800 GT-TR.
    The GT-S convertible, built by American Sunroof Company (ASC) in California, was originally released in a limited 200 units in 1984. 4,248 more were built for the 1985 model year.

    The Australian, European, Japanese, and general export model Celicas came with rear side vents, which are highly sought after by North American Celica enthusiasts.

    For the European continent, the Celica was offered as 1600 ST with 2T engine, 2000 XT (21R), and 2000 GT (18R-G). The UK models were 2.0 ST for early version and 2.0 XT for the facelift. All the cars for the UK market were powered by the 21R engine.

    In Australia, Toyota decided initially to use the 21R-C in the Celica. As a result, the car only turned out 67 kW (90 hp). However, for the facelift model, it was replaced by the quicker 73 kW (98 hp) 2S-C motor and then by the injected 2.4-liter motor (22R-E) which provided 87 kW (118 PS; 117 hp). The facelift versions also came with independent rear suspension, rather than the traditional live axle differential.

    In 1982, the New York Yankees began using a Celica as their bullpen car.

    Twincam Turbo Group B Rally Car
    In September 1982, the first Celica turbo was launched in Japan for the local market only. The GT-T (TA63) came with the twin-spark 1.8-liter 3T-GTE engine, W55 5-speed manual gearbox, a limited slip differential, pump up lumbar "sports" seats and optional digital dash. To meet the FISA regulation for Group B Rally Car to compete in the World Rally Championship (WRC), 200 units of the Celica GT-TS were built. These were the basic cars for Group B Celica Twincam Turbo (TA64) which were built and rallied by Toyota Team Europe (TTE). The Group B Celica TCT made its WRC debut in the 1983 Rally Finland. The production car had a 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) engine, and with a 320 bhp (239 kW; 324 PS) 4T-GTE engine, the fully works rally car was the most powerful third-generation Celica.

    Source: Wikipedia
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    Last edited by Man of Steel; 05-02-2020 at 02:28 PM.

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    Toyota Celica TwinCam Rally
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    Last edited by Man of Steel; 05-01-2020 at 02:22 AM.

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    Toyota Celica (3rd gen) #3
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 05-10-2020 at 12:58 PM.
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    some Rallye Stuff
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    Toyota Celica (3rd gen) #4
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    Last edited by Man of Steel; 05-10-2020 at 01:12 PM.
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    Toyota Celica (3rd gen) #5
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    Toyota Celica (3rd gen) #6
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