Page 1 of 2 12 LastLast
Results 1 to 15 of 22

Thread: Ford Escort (Europe) 2nd gen 1974-1980

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Apr 2003
    Location
    Wichita, Kansas USA
    Posts
    11,219
    The Ford Escort is a small family car which was manufactured by Ford of Europe from 1968 until 2000. The Ford Escort name was also applied to several small car types produced in North America by Ford between 1981 and 2000.

    In 2014, Ford revived the Escort name for a car based on the second-generation Ford Focus sold on the Chinese market.

    The Escort was frequently the best selling car in Britain during the 1980s and 1990s. A total of more than 4.1 million Escorts of all generations were sold there over a period of 33 years.

    Second generation (1974–1980)
    The squarer-styled Mark II version appeared in January 1975. The first production models had rolled off the production lines on 2 December 1974.

    Unlike the first Escort (which was developed by Ford of Britain), the second generation was developed jointly between the UK and Ford of Germany. Codenamed "Brenda" during its development, it used the same mechanical components, floorpan and core structure as the Mark I. The 940 cc engine was still offered in Italy where the smaller engine attracted tax advantages, but in the other larger European markets in Europe it was unavailable. The estate and van versions used the same doors, roof and rear panelwork as the Mark I, but with the Mark II front end and interior.

    The car used a revised underbody, which had been introduced as a running change during the last six months production of the Mark I. The rear suspension still sat on leaf springs though some contemporaries such as the Hillman Avenger had moved on to coil springs. The car came in for criticism for its lack of oddments space, with a glove compartment available on only higher end models, and its stalk-mounted horn.

    The "L" and "GL" models (2-door, 4-door, estate) were in the mainstream private sector, the "Sport", "RS Mexico", and "RS2000" in the performance market, the "Ghia" (2-door, 4-door) for a hitherto untapped small car luxury market, and "base / Popular" models for the bottom end. Panel-van versions catered to the commercial sector. The 1.6 L (1598 cc/97 CID) engine in the 1975 1.6 Ghia produced 84 hp (63 kW) with 125 N·m (92 ft·lbf) torque and weighed 955 kg (2105 lb).

    A cosmetic update was given in 1978 (note that Australia received differing updates - see below), with L models gaining the square headlights (previously exclusive to the GL and Ghia variants) and there was an upgrade in interior and exterior specification for some models. Underneath a wider front track was given.

    In 1979 and 1980 three special edition Escorts were launched: the Linnet, Harrier and Goldcrest.

    Production ended in Britain in August 1980, other countries following soon after.

    Oceania
    Australia
    The Mk II Escort was assembled at Ford Australia's Homebush Plant, Sydney from March 1975 to 1980 in 2-door and 4-door sedan, and 2-door panel van forms – the estate versions were unavailable to the Australian market.

    The sedan models were available in L, XL (later renamed GL) and Ghia forms, and a Sport pack option – similar to the 1300 and 1600 Sport models sold elsewhere. Unlike other markets – likely due to the estate's absence – the van was offered in a higher level of trim – a GL, and a Sport pack van was also available. Unusual fitments for the range not offered elsewhere on the Australian Escort included 'dog-dish' steel hubcaps, and high-backed front seats.

    The initial powerplants utilized in the Australian Escorts were Ford's 1.3 L and 1.6 L OHV Crossflow units, offered with either 4-speed manual or 3-speed automatic transmissions. In 1977, to cope with Australian emission laws, in particular ADR27A, the 1.3L models were dropped and the Ford Cortina's 2.0L OHC Pinto engine (in a lower tune to European units) was introduced to the Escort range, available as an option on nearly all models. Codenamed internally by Ford Australia as "BC", the Australian Escort range's bodies were modified to fit the larger engine and a redesigned fuel-tank, which involved the placement of the fuel filler being behind the rear numberplate.

    In 1978, Ford Australia standardised the use of the blue oval logo across the Escort model range. These Escort models are identified by the familiar blue Ford oval in the centre of the grille and on the right of the bootlid. It also revamped the image of its 'leisure range' by introducing the Escort Sundowner panel van, positioning it as a youth-orientated lifestyle vehicle complete with bold body decorations and domed side windows, available in 1.6L and 2.0L forms. In 1979, Ford Australia gave the Escort an update, increasing basic equipment levels and standardising square headlights on L and GL models (previously only available on Escort Ghia). Chasing both youth and performance, Ford Australia introduced their take on the RS2000, which – complete with its slant-nose – was available in both two-door form and as a unique to Australia four-door, in a choice of five solid paint colours. These RS cars certainly looked the part, but were actually powered by the same 2.0-litre engine as the rest of the local Escort range, and available with a choice of manual or automatic transmission. A total of 2,400 Australian RS2000 cars were made.

    While offered in many model forms, the Escort, like the Cortina, was not popular on the Australian market, largely due to expanding competition from Japanese imports and the established preference of Australian drivers for larger six-cylinder vehicles.

    Australian Escort production ceased in late 1980, with 79,142 examples of the Mk II produced, the range being replaced by FWD derivatives of the Mazda 323/Familia, namely the Ford Laser 3-door and 5-door hatchback and the Meteor 4-door sedan.

    New Zealand
    The Mk II Escort was introduced to New Zealand in early 1975, assembled at Ford's plant in Wiri, South Auckland. Unlike the Australian models, the New Zealand Escort range followed the specifications of the British models, aside from the use of metric instrumentation. All bodystyles were assembled, including the estate – previously (in Mk I guise) a built-up import from the United Kingdom.

    A large choice of models were available in the NZ Escort range, consisting of 1.1 L (base), 1.3 L (L, GL, 1300 Sport, estate and van variants) and 1.6 L (Ghia, 1600 Sport) variants — the 1.1 being aimed at budget conscious buyers, the 1.3 L models were popular, and the 1.6 L – which appeared in New Zealand production in 1976 – being reserved for 1600 Sport and Ghia models. A three-speed automatic transmission was available as an option for most 1.3- and 1.6-litre models.

    Unlike Australia, the Escort and Cortina ranges sold well and often topped the car monthly sales lists. An update was given for the range for 1979, which notably involved the addition of the Ghia model, the adoption of the GL's square headlights on the lower end models, Ford blue oval badging, and sport wheels on the L and GL. For 1980, all Ghia models gained standard alloy wheels.

    The production of British-sourced and New Zealand-assembled Escorts ended in late 1980. Ford dealers offered large price reductions to shift their remaining Mk II Escort stock when the model was replaced in New Zealand by the Ford Laser in May 1981, which was a badge engineered Mazda 323, available in sedan and hatchback forms.

    Rest of the world
    Israel
    Assembly of the Mk II Escort commenced in August 1975. The Escort was a best-seller in the Israeli market, its best year being 1976, when a total of 3,801 units were assembled. The line-up included 1.1- and 1.3-litre versions. Most were of the four-door variety, and only 150 were built as a 2-door 1.1L. Assembly ended after 12,700 units, in April 1981. No Ford passenger car was since then assembled in Israel.

    South Africa
    Escort Mark II shells built in Halewood, England were assembled in Silverton, South Africa from late 1975 until 1980. When originally launched, the Escort Mark II was sold as the 1300 L or as the 1600 GL, with two- or four-door bodywork. Aside from colour-coded hubcaps, most of the equipment differences were only on the inside with the GL being considerably better equipped. The GL also received square headlights, back-up lights, and body-side mouldings. The South African Escort received the 1.3-litre Kent engine with 42 kW (57 PS; 56 hp), while the 1.6 claimed 52 kW (71 PS; 70 hp). Early in 1979 the 1600 sport was launched, featuring a two-door bodyshell, revised gear ratios and a sporty look, using the 1600 motor proving to become a highly popular vehicle to the present day. The "One Six Double O" Sport was the best selling car in South Africa in 1980 at its retail price of R4995.00. These vehicles had a stronger Kent block cast in South Africa that had thicker cylinder walls, which was and is still utilised in the Formula Ford series. SA vehicles differed in minor ways from European built counterparts in that the interior exposed metal parts were painted Matt black as opposed to body colour and the bonnet/hood prop pivoted from the right as opposed to the left.

    Nevertheless, South Africa is now a popular source for re-importing Mk II's back to the UK, since many have survived in the hotter climate (and are therefore not as vulnerable to rust), compared with the number of good condition European and British built examples rapidly dwindling. Like the Mk I, many road cars were converted for rally use which further degraded the number of usable examples for classic enthusiasts.

    Source: Wikipedia
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-29-2020 at 11:50 PM.
    I'm going to eat breakfast. And then I'm going to change the world.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Apr 2003
    Location
    Wichita, Kansas USA
    Posts
    11,219
    Rallying
    As with its predecessor, the Mark II had a successful rallying career. All models of the Mark I were carried over to the Mark II, though the Mexico gained the RS badge and had its engine changed to a 1.6 L (1,593 cc) OHC Pinto instead of the OHV. A "Sport" model was also produced using the 1.6 L Crossflow. A new model was released, the RS1800, which had a naturally aspirated 1,833 cc (1.8 L; 111.9 cu in) Cosworth BDE DOHC 4 valves per cylinder with a 32/36 DGAV Weber carburetor inline-four engine, producing 117 PS (86 kW; 115 bhp) at 6000 rpm and 171 N⋅m (126 lb⋅ft) of torque at 3750 rpm. It was essentially a special created for rallying.

    The works rally cars were highly specialised machines. Bodyshells were heavily strengthened and characterised by the wide wheelarch extensions, and fitment of four large spotlights for night stages. The Cosworth BDE engine was replaced with 2.0 L BDG and gave up to 250 bhp (186 kW; 253 PS) with Cosworth-made aluminium block by 1979. It was complemented by a strengthened transmission, five-speed straight-cut ZF gearbox, five-linked suspension and more minor modifications. The RS1800 was re-homologated with the aluminium block on 2 April 1977 as the 1975 cc Group-4 Escort RS. This was after the FIA removed the 100-off rule from Appendix J 1976 and banned modifications approved under the previous rules for groups 2 and 4, effective from the end of 1977.

    The Mark II Escort continued its predecessor's run on the RAC Rally, winning every year from 1975 to 1979 and racing in a variety of other events around the world. In the 1979 season of the World Rally Championship, Björn Waldegård took the drivers' title, Hannu Mikkola was runner-up and Ari Vatanen finished the year in fifth place, all driving Escort RS1800s.

    These drivers' successes throughout the year gave Ford the manufacturers' title, the only time the company had achieved this until the 2006 season, when Marcus Grönholm and Mikko Hirvonen won the title for Ford in Ford Focus RS WRC 06. Vatanen won the drivers' title in 1981, again at the wheel of an RS1800. This victory came despite the arrival on the WRC scene of the four-wheel drive Audi Quattro. Ford placed in the top three in the manufacturers' championship for the sixth year in a row.

    The 2.0 L RS2000 version, with its distinctively slanted polyurethane nose, and featuring the Pinto engine from the Cortina, was announced in the UK in March 1975 and introduced in Germany in August 1975, being reportedly produced in both countries. It provided a claimed 110 bhp and a top speed of 110 mph (177 km/h). For acceleration to 100 km/h (62.5 mph) a time of just 8.9 seconds was claimed by the manufacturers. The 2.0 L engine was also easily retro-fitted into the Mark I, along with the Ford Sierra's five-speed gearbox, for rallying and other sports.

    Source: Wikipedia
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-29-2020 at 11:52 PM.
    I'm going to eat breakfast. And then I'm going to change the world.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Nov 2005
    Location
    Wales, UK
    Posts
    82
    Mk2 RS2000
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-29-2020 at 11:52 PM.
    R.I.P DKW, Beef, Burnsie & Col McRae.

    Thanks for everything. We'll miss you all.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Aug 2006
    Location
    Russia
    Posts
    116
    Ford Escort (1024x768)
    Attached Images Attached Images

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Feb 2004
    Location
    Tallinn, Estonia
    Posts
    2,847
    Ford Escort (2nd gen) #5
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-29-2020 at 11:54 PM.

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Location
    Barcelona
    Posts
    33,488
    Ford Escort (2nd gen) #6
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-30-2020 at 12:28 PM.
    Lack of charisma can be fatal.
    Visca Catalunya!

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Location
    Barcelona
    Posts
    33,488
    Ford Escort (2nd gen) #7
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-30-2020 at 12:28 PM.
    Lack of charisma can be fatal.
    Visca Catalunya!

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Location
    Barcelona
    Posts
    33,488
    Ford Escort (2nd gen) #8
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-30-2020 at 12:29 PM.
    Lack of charisma can be fatal.
    Visca Catalunya!

  9. #9
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Location
    Barcelona
    Posts
    33,488
    Ford Escort (2nd gen) #9
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-30-2020 at 12:34 PM.
    Lack of charisma can be fatal.
    Visca Catalunya!

  10. #10
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Location
    Barcelona
    Posts
    33,488
    Ford Escort (2nd gen) #10
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-30-2020 at 12:34 PM.
    Lack of charisma can be fatal.
    Visca Catalunya!

  11. #11
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Location
    Barcelona
    Posts
    33,488
    Ford Escort (2nd gen) #11
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-30-2020 at 12:32 PM.
    Lack of charisma can be fatal.
    Visca Catalunya!

  12. #12
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Location
    Barcelona
    Posts
    33,488
    Ford Escort (2nd gen) #12
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-30-2020 at 12:35 PM.
    Lack of charisma can be fatal.
    Visca Catalunya!

  13. #13
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Location
    Barcelona
    Posts
    33,488
    More Escorts of the lame European variety #13
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-30-2020 at 12:33 PM.
    Lack of charisma can be fatal.
    Visca Catalunya!

  14. #14
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Location
    Barcelona
    Posts
    33,488
    Ford Escort (2nd gen) #14
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-30-2020 at 12:36 PM.
    Lack of charisma can be fatal.
    Visca Catalunya!

  15. #15
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Location
    Barcelona
    Posts
    33,488
    Ford Escort (2nd gen) #15
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by Man of Steel; 12-30-2020 at 12:36 PM.
    Lack of charisma can be fatal.
    Visca Catalunya!

Thread Information

Users Browsing this Thread

There are currently 1 users browsing this thread. (0 members and 1 guests)

Similar Threads

  1. Ford Escort (Europe) 1st gen 1967-1975
    By Matt in forum Matt's Hi-Res Hide-Out
    Replies: 19
    Last Post: 12-29-2020, 03:14 PM
  2. Ford Escort (North America) 1st gen 1980-1990
    By smxi in forum Matt's Hi-Res Hide-Out
    Replies: 9
    Last Post: 12-29-2020, 01:13 PM
  3. Dodge Ramcharger (1st gen) / Plymouth Trail Duster 1974-1980
    By Man of Steel in forum Matt's Hi-Res Hide-Out
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 11-06-2019, 01:32 PM
  4. Chevrolet Monza 1974-1980
    By smxi in forum Matt's Hi-Res Hide-Out
    Replies: 31
    Last Post: 09-21-2014, 11:33 AM
  5. Abarth 2000 Sport (SE 027) 1974-1980
    By Ferrer in forum Matt's Hi-Res Hide-Out
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: 08-15-2012, 02:07 PM

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •